Now showing items 1-10 of 62
The rate of TB-HIV co-infection depends on the prevalence of HIV infection in a community
(BioMed Central, 2008-07-30)
Background: A complex interaction exists between tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection at an individual and community level. Limited knowledge about the rate of HIV infection in TB patients and ...
Lifesaving emergency obstetric services are inadequate in south-west Ethiopia: a formidable challenge to reducing maternal mortality in Ethiopia
(BioMed Central, 2013-11-04)
Background: Most maternal deaths take place during labour and within a few weeks after delivery. The availability and utilization of emergency obstetric care facilities is a key factor in reducing maternal mortality; ...
Health Extension Workers Improve Tuberculosis Case Detection and Treatment Success in Southern Ethiopia: A Community Randomized Trial
(Public Library of Science, 2009-05-08)
Background: One of the main strategies to control tuberculosis (TB) is to find and treat people with active disease. Unfortunately, the case detection rates remain low in many countries. Thus, we need interventions to find ...
Determinants of Treatment Adherence Among Smear-Positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Southern Ethiopia
(Public Library of Science, 2007-02-13)
Background: Defaulting from treatment remains a challenge for most tuberculosis control programmes. It may increase the risk of drug resistance, relapse, death, and prolonged infectiousness. The aim of this study was to ...
Strengthening malaria and climate research in Ethiopia
(BioMed Central, 2014-09-22)
Anaemia among children in a drought affected community in south-central Ethiopia
(Public Library of Science, 2017-03-14)
Introduction: As part of a field trial (PACTR201411000882128) to provide evidence on the combined use of long-lasting insecticidal nets and indoor residual spray for malaria prevention, we measured haemoglobin values among ...
Cattle and climate in Africa: How climate variability has influenced national cattle holdings from 1961–2008
The role of cattle in developing countries is as a source of high-quality food, as draft animals, and as a source of manure and fuel. Cattle represent important contribution to household incomes, and in drought prone areas ...
Maternal Mortality in Rural South Ethiopia: Outcomes of Community-Based Birth Registration by Health Extension Workers
Introduction: Rural communities in low-income countries lack vital registrations to track birth outcomes. We aimed to examine the feasibility of community-based birth registration and measure maternal mortality ratio (MMR) ...
Prevalence of malaria infection in Butajira area, south-central Ethiopia
(BioMed Central, 2012-03-23)
Background: In 2005, the Ethiopian government launched a massive expansion of the malaria prevention and control programme. The programme was aimed mainly at the reduction of malaria in populations living below 2,000 m ...
Abundance and dynamics of anopheline larvae in a highland malarious area of south-central Ethiopia
(BioMed Central, 2012-06-13)
Background: Malaria is a public health problem in Ethiopia, and increasingly so in highland areas, possibly because of global warming. This study describes the distribution, breeding habitat and monthly dynamics of anopheline ...